criminal justice

1. The author, Steven Levitt, lists the causes for the decrease in crime that occurred in the U.S. during the 1990’s that were mentioned in newspaper articles. What were  they?2. Of the above proposed causes, which ones did Levitt say ACTUALLY caused crime to go down?3. Choose one of the things Levitt says did NOT cause a decrease in crime. Explain why he said this wasn’t something that caused crime to go down.4. According to the criminologists mentioned in Levitt’s chapter, why might increased ownership of guns lead to LESS crime?5. In your own words, explain how the author thinks abortion rates are related to crime rates (in other words, as one goes up or down, what happens to the other?)